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In several of the countries of Latin America, for example, the indigenous population constitutes a substantial majority of the population.
Article 1b of the ILO Convention concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries (C169, 1989), ratified by Norway in 1990, defines indigenous peoples in the following manner: “peoples in independent countries who are regarded as indigenous on account of their descent from the populations which inhabited the country, or a geographical region to which the country belongs, at the time of conquest or colonisation or the establishment of present state boundaries and who, irrespective of their legal status, retain some or all of their own social, economic, cultural and political institutions.” In Norway, it is clear that the Sámi population satisfies the criteria stipulated in this definition.
But unlike New Zealand's traditional Maori Haka at All Blacks games, speeches by Aboriginal elders aren't as well meshed with the broader Australian culture.
The 'welcome to country' was adopted into Australia's parliamentary protocols in 2008, after then prime minister Kevin Rudd delivered his apology to the stolen generation.
However, two years after that decision Aboriginal entertainer Ernie Dingo claimed that he invented the concept in 1976 when Pacific Island dancers demanded they receive a traditional welcome.
An 'acknowledgement of country' is when a speaker recognises the traditional 'elders past and present' of the land they are meeting on, and is often recited by civic figures and politicians at the beginning of speeches.
No general, internationally accepted definition of indigenous peoples exists.
It is typical of indigenous populations that they do not represent the dominant population in the larger society of which they are part, although they may be the population group that inhabited the area first.
Under Norwegian property law, rights are determined in relation to conditions dating back the last one hundred years.
Jacinta Price had been targeted by online trolls, who had wished her a 'painful death', and left-wing indigenous activists who accused her of selling out indigenous people.
A smoking ceremony is an ancient, indigenous custom where native leaves are burnt as part of a cleansing ritual to ward off bad spirits.
During the 1800s, the Sámi people were defined as a foreign race, and were often characterised as an uncivilised, wild, nomadic people.
Racist attitudes and notions of racial hierarchies played a role in shaping the policies introduced by the government authorities.